Haematological and hematochemical evaluation of Marecha camel reared under farming system
Author(s) : Asim Faraz , Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq, Nasir Ali Tauqir, Abdul Waheed, Muhammad Arslan Akbar, Talat Bilal, Yasoob, Maaz Rehman, Amal AlKharusi, Ayman Balla Mustafa and Muhammad Shahid Nabeel
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Biochemical and hematological parameters were poorly determined in Pakistani camels. An attempt was therefore made to characterize these parameters of the breed of Marecha dromedarius camels reared in agricultural desert conditions. Various biochemical parameters were tested in twenty camels of both sexes. Mean hemoglobin concentration, energy and protein parameters were higher in male camels than female camels except glucose concentration which was higher in females. Urea and creatinine values were similar amongst the both sexes. The results are discussed and compared with data reported in the literature for camel species. About the biochemical profile of the blood of Pakistani camel is determined very briefly. The research was designed to determine the biochemical parameters of blood in Marecha dromedary camels of both sexes raised in the desert ecology of the farm. About 14 camels were divided into G1 - from four females (without oestrus) and G2 - from ten females (non-pregnant) raised under semi-open stables, fed concentrate, straw, browsing and water twice a day. Deworming and vaccination were carried out at three-month intervals. Hemoglobin (Hb), hematochemical parameters and minerals were tested. The mean Hb concentration was significantly higher in males than in females (15.16±0.79 and 14.46±0.68 g/dl). Mean concentrations of cholesterol and triglycerides were higher in male camels than in females (60.18±5.24, 37.44±4.16 and 58.32±4.88, 34.98±4.12 respectively, in G1 and G2), while glucose concentration was higher in she-camels. Total proteins, albumin and globulin values were significantly higher in males than in females (8.12±1.66, 4.06±1.28, 3.86 ±0.92 and 6.96 ±1.22, 3 ,16 ±1.44, 3.28 ±1.26 respectively, in G1 and G2). Urea and creatinine values did not show any treatment effect. In the mineral analysis, the average concentrations of calcium and phosphorus were 9.82 ±1.26, 4.72 ±1.12 and 9.39 ±1.18 and 4.33±0.98 in G1 and G2, respectively. It is opined that these results could be used as a baseline for future studies.