Resistance of orange peel against microbial activity on various fabrics
Author(s) : Mehreen Ijaz
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Textile products are required to be safeguard them against bacteria and microorganisms infestation. Natural herbs and plant material may be used on the surface of fabrics rather than synthetic materials to protect them against biotic factors. In this regard a study was conducted to evaluate orange peel on several fabrics to create an antibacterial textile finish. AATCC 147 test method was used to measure the developed finish's efficacy against two different strains of bacteria, including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Treated and untreated fabrics were compared to determine significant (P ≤ 0.05) difference. Treated materials showed zones of inhibition ranging from 32 - 45 mm, and for gram negative bacteria, it ranged between 30 to 41 mm. The zones of inhibition in the treated materials indicate areas where bacterial growth is actively controlled. Larger zones suggest a stronger antimicrobial effect. The active compounds in the orange peel extract may interfere with bacterial cell membranes, disrupt cellular processes, or inhibit essential enzymes.